Festival of Lights : Tihar
Tihar the festival of lights is also known as Deepawali. It is a five day festival which is mainly celebrated by people of Hindu religion. Among the Hindu people this festival is the second largest festival after Dashain. This festival starts with Kaag (crow) Tihar and ends with Bhai (brother) Tika. The last day is considered as the main day of the festival because it helps to make the relation of every brother and sister strong for their whole life. People light their houses with Diyas and make brightness everywhere . It is considered to be of great importance as it shows a contribution to not just the humans and the gods, but also to the animals like crows, cows, and dogs that maintain an intimate relationship with humans.
The 5 days of Tihar are:
Day 1: Kaag Tihar
On the first day of the festival people worship crows give them food to eat and other religious activities . People believe that crows are the messenger of Yamraj (the god of death). Crows and ravens are worshiped by offerings of sweets and dishes placed on the roofs of houses. The cawing of crows and ravens symbolizes sadness and grief in Hinduism, so devotees offer crows and ravens food to avert grief and death in their homes.
Day 2: Kukur Tihar
The second day is known as Kukur(dog) Tihar. On this day people worship dogs give them food to eat put garland on them.Dogs occupy a special place in hindu mythology.As mentioned in the Mahabharata, Bhairava, a fierce manifestation of Lord Shiva, had a dog as a vahana (vehicle). Yama, the god of death, is believed to own two guard dogs – each with four eyes. The dogs are said to watch over the gates of Naraka, the Hindu concept of Hell. Owing to this belief, this day is also observed as Naraka Chaturdashi.