Pashupatinath Temple (पशुपतिनाथ मन्दिर) is a Hindu temple in Devpattan on the banks of the Bagmati River in the eastern part of Kathmandu ,just a short distance from international airport. Pashuptinath temple is famous for trinity gods of Hinduism like Shiva Brahma and Vishnu. It is dedicated to a reflection of Shiva .It is known as Largest temple complex in Nepal. It became known beyond the Kathmandu Valley and attracts tens of thousands of pilgrims each year. This temple is Considered one of the scared temples of Hindu faith. The temple is forbidden to non Hindus, but an opinion of the temple could be had from the river’s bank. According to a legend recorded in notably the Nepalamahatmya, texts along with the Himavatkhanda, the Hindu Lord Shiva fled from the temple into Mrigasthali from the gods in Varanasi. There, with his consort Parbati, he slept in the form of a gazelle.

When the gods tried to bring him back to Varanasi and discovered there, he leapt across the river where among his horns broke into four pieces. Shiva became manifest as Pashupati. The temple is of also the Nepalese pagoda design of architecture. All the qualities of pagoda style is based here like structures, beautifully carved rafters on. Both degree roofs are of aluminum with gold covering. It’s all covered with sheets, four doors. This temple has a gold pinnacle(Gajur), that is a symbol of spiritual thought. The inner sanctum has a Shiva lingam and outside sits the largest statue of Nandi the (bull) the Vehicle of Shiva.

Every years there occurs a major festival likes:

1. Shivaratri:

Every year there occurs a festival called Shivaratri in which day lord Shiva was born. It is known as the Great Night of shiva. On which days Over 500000 devotes visit .Only Hindus are allowed inside the gates of the main temple. People fast on the day of Mahashivartri. It is observed by remembering shiva. Mahashivaratri is a National holiday in Nepal celebrated widely in temple all over the country.

2.Teej:

Teej is a festival celebrated by women for the long life of their husband . Teej is celebrated on the month of bhadra sukla pakshya. on this day woman worship lord shiva. On this day woman usually wears red sari. Teej brings smile on the faces of woman. Men are not allowed to enter the most of shiva temple on this day.

3.Balachaturdashi:

Balachaturdashi falls on marga Krishna chaturdashi. People gather Pashupati(kailash) on the occasion of balchaturdashi .On this day people light traditional oil diyo and recite mantras. They keep themselves all night awake to ensure the diyo keeps burning. The next day they go the bagmati river to drop the diyo. And they started satbij (the mixture of seeds) in the remembrance of beloved dead ones in the shiva temple. It is believed that when people perform the festival of bala chaturdashi they secure place in heaven of beloved dead ones.

108 Names of Lord Shiva

S. No. Name Meaning
1 Aashutosh One Who Fulfills Wishes Instantly
2 Aja Unborn
3 Akshayaguna God With Limitless Attributes
4 Anagha Without Any Fault
5 Anantadrishti Of Infinite Vision
6 Augadh One Who Revels All The Time
7 Avyayaprabhu Imperishable Lord
8 Bhairav Lord Of Terror
9 Bhalanetra One Who Has An Eye In The Forehead
10 Bholenath Kind Hearted Lord
11 Bhooteshwara Lord Of Ghosts And Evil Beings
12 Bhudeva Lord Of The Earth
13 Bhutapala Protector Of The Ghosts
14 Chandrapal Master Of The Moon
15 Chandraprakash One Who Has Moon As A Crest
16 Dayalu Compassionate
17 Devadeva Lord Of The Lords
18 Dhanadeepa Lord Of Wealth
19 Dhyanadeep Icon Of Meditation And Concentration
20 Dhyutidhara Lord Of Brilliance
21 Digambara Ascetic Without Any Clothes
22 Durjaneeya Difficult To Be Known
23 Durjaya Unvanquished
24 Gangadhara Lord Of River Ganga
25 Girijapati Consort Of Girija
26 Gunagrahin Acceptor Of Gunas
27 Gurudeva Master Of All
28 Hara Remover Of Sins
29 Jagadisha Master Of The Universe
30 Jaradhishamana Redeemer From Afflictions
31 Jatin One Who Has Matted Hair
32 Kailas One Who Bestows Peace
33 Kailashadhipati Lord Of Mount Kailash
34 Kailashnath Master Of Mount Kailash
35 Kamalakshana Lotus-Eyed Lord
36 Kantha Ever-Radiant
37 Kapalin One Wears A Necklace Of Skulls
38 Khatvangin One Who Has The Missile Khatvangin In His Hand
39 Kundalin One Who Wears Earrings
40 Lalataksha One Who Has An Eye In The Forehead
41 Lingadhyaksha Lord Of The Lingas
42 Lingaraja Lord Of The Lingas
43 Lokankara Creator Of The Three Worlds
44 Lokapal One Who Takes Care Of The World
45 Mahabuddhi Extremely Intelligent
46 Mahadeva Greatest God
47 Mahakala Lord Of All Times
48 Mahamaya Of Great Illusions
49 Mahamrityunjaya Great Victor Of Death
50 Mahanidhi Great Storehouse
51 Mahashaktimaya One Who Has Boundless Energies
52 Mahayogi Greatest Of All Gods
53 Mahesha Supreme Lord
54 Maheshwara Lord Of Gods
55 Nagabhushana One Who Has Serpents As Ornaments
56 Nataraja King Of The Art Of Dancing
57 Nilakantha Blue Necked Lord
58 Nityasundara Ever Beautiful
59 Nrityapriya Lover Of Dance
60 Omkara Creator Of OM
61 Palanhaar One Who Protects Everyone
62 Parameshwara First Among All Gods
63 Paramjyoti Greatest Splendour
64 Pashupati Lord Of All Living Beings
65 Pinakin One Who Has A Bow In His Hand
66 Pranava Originator Of The Syllable Of OM
67 Priyabhakta Favourite Of The Devotees
68 Priyadarshana Of Loving Vision
69 Pushkara One Who Gives Nourishment
70 Pushpalochana One Who Has Eyes Like Flowers
71 Ravilochana Having Sun As The Eye
72 Rudra The Terrible
73 Rudraksha One Who Has Eyes Like Rudra
74 Sadashiva Eternal God
75 Sanatana Eternal Lord
76 Sarvacharya Preceptor Of All
77 Sarvashiva Always Pure
78 Sarvatapana Scorcher Of All
79 Sarvayoni Source Of Everything
80 Sarveshwara Lord Of All Gods
81 Shambhu One Who Bestows Prosperity
82 Shankara One Who Gives Happiness
83 Shiva Always Pure
84 Shoolin One Who Has A Trident
85 Shrikantha Of Glorious Neck
86 Shrutiprakasha Illuminator Of The Vedas
87 Shuddhavigraha One Who Has A Pure Body
88 Skandaguru Preceptor Of Skanda
89 Someshwara Lord Of All Gods
90 Sukhada Bestower Of Happiness
91 Suprita Well Pleased
92 Suragana Having Gods As Attendants
93 Sureshwara Lord Of All Gods
94 Swayambhu Self-Manifested
95 Tejaswani One Who Spreads Illumination
96 Trilochana Three-Eyed Lord
97 Trilokpati Master Of All The Three Worlds
98 Tripurari Enemy Of Tripura
99 Trishoolin One Who Has A Trident In His Hands
100 Umapati Consort Of Uma
101 Vachaspati Lord Of Speech
102 Vajrahasta One Who Has A Thunderbolt In His Hands
103 Varada Granter Of Boons
104 Vedakarta Originator Of The Vedas
105 Veerabhadra Supreme Lord Of The Nether World
106 Vishalaksha Wide-Eyed Lord
107 Vishveshwara Lord Of The Universe
108 Vrishavahana One Who Has Bull As His Vehicle
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