Nepal is a bio-diversity hot spot with eco-regions broadly comprising the mountainous eco-region,the sloppy hilly regions and grasslands eco-region of Terai region. It is famous as an eco-tourism destination for its exceptional bio-diversity and beautiful natural environment. With the variance in climate,from tropical to arctic,Nepal has a large variety of plants and animals. Wildlife tourism is a major source of tourism in our country.There are some wildlife species which is unique to Nepal,such as Spiny Babler. The wildlife of Nepal includes flora and fauna.There are no natural habitat in Nepal. Nepal has established numerous National Parks and reserves in order to protect its diverse fauna .
Nepal has 9 National parks,3 Wildlife reserves, 6 Conservation Areas and 1 Hunting Reserve,established for the conservation and preservation of the wild nature environment from the diverse effect of the human activities.It occupies 16 percent of the total geographical area.
CHITWAN JUNGLE SAFARI
Chitwan Jungle Safari trip starts either taking a car or bus drive from Kathmandu or Pokhara. There is also a regular flight connecting Chitwan and Kathmandu.Jungle Safari on the elephant back,jungle walk,canoe ride,jeep drive,etc will be the part of your wonderful tour to Chitwan making it lifetime amazing adventures.
It is the home for the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger,One-Horned Rhinoceros ,Langur Monkeys,Jungle Cats,Mugger Crocodiles,Wild Boars,over 500 species of colorful beautiful birds.
The Tharu culture,their way of living ,culture and tradition and the most attracting hearttouching Tharu Dance is the most fascinating experience of Chitwan tour.
BARDIYA WILDLIFE SAFARI
Wildlife safari in Bardiya National Park is the outstanding wildlife experience of a lifetime. It includes an elephant ride, canoe ride, bird watching, jungle walk, 4 Wheeler jeep drive, visit to the local village, cultural program etc. While doing the jungle safari you can observe about 50 different mammals, more than 400 species of birds, and varieties of reptiles and aquatic animals.
You can either take a flight or drive to Bardia National Park and start the Bardia Wildlife Safari.
Excellent habitats for most of the endangered species of wildlife and birds such as all of the endangered rhinoceros, swamp deers,wild elephants, the Royal Bengal Tiger, , black buck, Gharial crocodile and gangetic dolphins. The enchanting birds such as Bengal florican, Silver-eared mesia and Sarus Crane makes the environment of alluring.
KOSHI TAPPU WILDLIFE RESERVE
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a birdwatcher’s paradise,at the eastern Terai of Nepal covering the area of 175 sq km of wet grassland Koshi Tappu(meaning island of river Koshi).It is home to at least 493 species of birds, as well as being the last habitat of the endangered arna (long, pointy-horned wild water buffalo).
It’s a wonderfully serene spot and most travelers who visit are birdwatchers in search of rare species such as the swamp francolin, Bengal florican and Sarus crane. Migratory species from Siberia and Tibet take up residence from November to February. . A wide variety of Ducks, herons, storks egrets, ibis are seen on the River bank. Aside from tigers and rhinos, there’s still plenty to see such as Gangetic dolphins, blue bulls, deer, golden jackals, marsh muggers, fishing cats, mongooses, civet cats and porcupines. Wild-water buffalo(Arna) and Gangetic dolphin are the best attractions at Koshi Barrage.It has one of the few elephant stables of Asia.
The best time to visit Koshi Tappu is between Octobers to April.
SHUKLAPHANTA WILDLIFE SAFARI
Jungle safari in Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is a worth tour for the wildlife lovers especially birdwatchers.
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is located in Kanchanpur district of far-Western lowland “Terai” of Nepal with the area of 305 sq.km. covered with spotless sub-tropical jungle.It is the second largest wildlife Reserve in Terai .
The open grasslands and numerous waterholes of the park is a vast expanse of plain grasslands and Sal forests, while marsh vegetation is found along rivers and lakes. The park that was originally reserved as a hunting area was later converted to wildlife reserve to protect swamp deer, the reserve now shelters almost 2,000 swamp deers, around 50 wild elephants and 30 tigers. Over 700 species flora,28 fishes species ,12 species of reptiles and amphibians,46 mammals species and over 400 birds are found in the wildlife reserve.
Animals such as spotted deer, blue bulls, barking deer,hog deer, wild boars, leopards, jackals, langurs and rhesus monkeys are found in the jungles. Among birds the reserve provides habitat to sarus crane, swamp francolin, grass owl, warblers, flycatchers and the endangered Bengal Florican. Reptile species include marsh mugger, crocodile, cobra and python. You can have village walk and see the life style of local ethnic Tharu group.